February 2019

Tax Insights – February 2019 Rita

Bhayani

Retirement Distributions
Retirement distributions are made for a variety of reasons. Depending on the facts, the result can be anywhere
from a tax-free distribution to inclusion in income and additional penalties. How can you determine the likely result?
Social security benefits are either non-taxable or partially taxable. Depending on filing status and adjusted gross
income, the amount of benefits subject to tax is either 0%, 50%, or 85%. I can help you determine how much of
your social security is subject to tax.
Qualified plans include 401(k)s, 403(b)s, and other retirement plans administered for employers. Distributions from
qualified plans are generally taxable at the federal level. If you have a distribution from a 403(b) plan, check with
your state to see if the distributions are taxable at the state level. If the taxpayer has basis in the plan (in other
words, they paid taxes on the amount contributed), a portion of that basis will be returned with each payment, and
will be tax-free.
Taxpayers must start taking required minimum distributions either when they reach 70
1/2 or when they retire,
whichever comes later. If a taxpayer takes an early distribution, he/she may be subject to a penalty.
Traditional and Roth IRAs are other popular retirement vehicles. Distributions can be taxable, partially taxable, or
fully tax free. Distributions from a traditional IRA are fully taxable, unless non-deductible contributions have been
made. If non-deductible contributions have been made, a portion of each distribution is tax free. Qualified
distributions from a Roth IRA are tax free. Non-qualified distributions may be subject to tax and an early withdrawal
penalty.
Penalties. If the taxpayer is under the age of 59
1
/
2
, the taxable portion of distributions are subject to an additional
10% tax unless it is one of the following types of distributions: qualified disaster distribution, qualified HSA funding
distribution, conversion to a Roth IRA, or rollovers. The table below lists a few exceptions.
Exception IRA Qualified Plan
Separation from service after 55 No Yes
Disability Yes Yes
Death Yes Yes
Medical Expenses over 7.5% of AGI Yes Yes
Qualified Domestic Relations Orders No Yes
Unemployed Individuals for Health
Insurance

Yes No
Higher Education Expenses Yes No
Purchase of First Home Up to $10,000 No
Tax Notes
If you can’t find your tax returns from prior years, you can contact me, or you can get your transcripts online at
IRS.gov. You’ll need your social security number, date of birth, filing status, and the mailing address of your last
return. You also need access to your email, an account number for a credit or debit card, and a cellular phone in
your name.
Did You Know?
African American History month in the United States began in February 1970 at Kent State University. In 1976,
President Gerald Ford urged Americans to “seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments
of Black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.” Since then, it has become a nationwide
observance.
Quote Corner
“A champion is defined not by their wins but by how they can recover when they fall.” ~ Serena Williams


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